Our Sapphire boiler is a fully modulating stainless steel kerosene or HVO liquid fuelled boiler that can be controlled using OpenTherm. In both new build and replacement works, it exceeds the compliance requirements with the new Approved Document L Requirements for England.

Down below is an interview with EOGB’s Managing Director, Martin Cooke, and we asked him some questions regarding ADL, our company, and the importance of correctly sizing boilers.

  • No. Who knows if the existing radiators were sized correctly in the first place?



  • No, not to be able to demonstrably prove that the replacement boiler is the correct size considering different room temperatures and wall, floor, and ceiling U values and different air change rates for different room usages.


  •  Not necessarily as quotations are not covered by the Building Regulations, however, full calculations will still be needed, should you win the job, to demonstrate installation compliance with the Building Regs.


  • How do you know whether the existing boiler is the correct size today? Property improvements such as replacement UPVC double glazing, loft and cavity wall insulation added to a property over the year can leave a boiler that was originally correctly sized, twice the size that the building now needs it to be


  •  Good question, that is why here at EOGB we invested heavily in first creating a domestic-sized low NOx fully modulating (15 set points) package burner able to be controlled by OpenTherm load compensating controls and then created a specially designed heat exchanger to accompany full room by room heat loss calculations and 55C max flow temperature system design for a new wet central heating system installed in either an existing or new build dwelling.


  •  Yes, as this is an entirely new system, the requirements apply irrespective of whether the new system is installed in a new or existing property.


  •  Yes, this does not apply if it is an existing system i.e. it is not “newly installed” or where a wet central heating system is not “fully replaced in an existing building.”


  •   I understand your concern and hope that you will appreciate that I cannot speak for other boiler manufacturers but here at EOGB with the Sapphire boiler we designed out any potential and historically demonstrated material failure problems associated with oil boilers by simply adopting a bespoke fully stainless steel 316Ti heat exchanger which has been tested and proven to be able to operate on high, medium, and low water temperature heating systems. So confident are we in the exceptionally high grade of stainless steel used that we even guarantee them for 25 years!   An alternative fuel and/or technology applied to an existing dwelling shall not result in an increase in emissions from that property.


  • The information that you require can be found in Table 12 of SAP 10.2 this gives you the carbon emission values for the fuel and its primary energy factor to enable you to compare what is existing to what is proposed to replace it to make sure that it is compliant.



Our calculated values comparing a Sapphire boiler to alternative technologies:

Sapphire Kerosene Boiler

0.298 kgC02e kWh / boiler eff of 93.0% =

0.32kg C02E/kWh 

Sapphire HVO Boiler

0.036 kgCO2e kWh / boiler eff of 93.0%   =  0.04kg CO2e/kWh

Bio – mass boiler

0.053 kgCO2e kWh / boiler eff of 75.0%  = 0.07kg CO2e/kWh



Kerosene/HVO Primary Energy  

1.180 kgCO2e kWh / boiler eff of 93.0% = 1.269 kWhPE/kWh

Bio-mass boiler

1.325 kgCO2e kWh / boiler eff of 75.0%=  1.701 kWhPE/kWh

The data above highlights that you could not compliantly replace a bio-mass boiler with an oil boiler as the emissions per kWh would be greater, as expected from fossil fuel, but, applying an HVO Sapphire boiler would be compliant and as demonstrated here could be approaching 60% less environmentally damaging in terms of emissions than a Part L compliant bio-mass boiler!

The data presented above also demonstrates clearly that a Sapphire boiler, either kerosene or HVO outperforms a building regulation-compliant bio-mass boiler in terms of primary energy by some 25% reduction in Primary Energy.


If you require more information regarding this, please contact us at:

[email protected] or call 01480 477066